These may be required for some trips –

  • Vaccinations are recommended to prevent you getting diseases that are present in the country to be visited.

  • Vaccinations can be compulsory or mandatory – this means you need to have a certificate of vaccination to allow you to enter the country. Yellow fever vaccination certification is compulsory for parts of Africa. Meningitis ACWY immunisation is required Saudi Arabia during the Hajj.

It may be possible to have exemption if there is a medical reason . Should you need exemption please consult with your doctor, practice nurse or travel health advisor. Advice on vaccines changes from time to time; what was relevant some months ago may not be relevant now. 

In the UK, 10 yearly boosters of Tetanus are not recommended except for travellers. Polio and diphtheria boosters will be required for some countries if it has been more than 10 years since the last vaccination.


Hepatitis A and typhoid vaccines are recommended where there is a risk of disease due to lack of food or water hygiene.

Influenza vaccine may be beneficial to travellers to large complexes – e.g. cruise ships. The flu season in the southern hemisphere is from April to November, you may benefit from this before you venture there.

Rabies vaccine will be offered to any traveller to some countries if the destination is more than 24 hours away from a reliable source of rabies vaccine.

Hepatitis B Vaccine is offered to travellers who are deemed at risk by occupation, with at risk behaviour or close proximity with locals for long periods where the disease is endemic.

Other vaccines sometimes required are Tick Borne Encephalitis, Japanese B Encephalitis, Meningitis ACWY, Cholera or Hepatitis B.